Even Geniuses Work Hard

Stanford professor Carol S. Dweck discusses how teachers can promote growth-mindsets in their classrooms, leading to higher confidence among students. She emphasizes that teachers must first create a culture of risk-taking, where it is the process, and not the outcome, that is the most important part of mastering a new concept.

mindsets and equitable education report cover page

MindSets and Equitable Education

Stanford professor and leading researcher Carol S. Dweck discusses mindsets and how beliefs about intelligence affect learning outcomes. According to her, there are two fundamental mindsets that a student can have about intelligence: it is fixed, or it is fluid and can increase with practice and training. These two mindsets strongly affect students’ perception of their intelligence as well as achievement.