four keys reference guide report cover

Four Keys Reference Guide

Many educators, families, and students are taking a hard look at the current educational system in the United States and finding there is a significant gap between what is and what ought to be if we want our country to succeed in the 21st century. The Four Keys to College and Career Readiness (the Four Keys) provides a framework and common language to use as we work to close this gap by developing systems that support all students as they prepare for the future.

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Policy Brief: More Than One C

More Than One C: Educating Students to Be Ready for Careers and College

This policy brief from EPIC discusses the United State’s bias toward college-going as the gold standard and how to counteract that singular mode of thinking. EPIC outlines why definitions of K–12 success should balance an emphasis on each C (college and career). EPIC also shows the related pitfalls of districts failing to attend to the issues that are most salient for their communities. To avoid those dangers, EPIC recommends democratizing postsecondary pathway access to ensure equity, localizing districts’ definitions of success to suit community needs, and personalizing educational experiences so students can become ready on their own terms.

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Essential Skills and Dispositions: Developmental Frameworks for Collaboration, Communication, Creativity, and Self-Direction

This set of developmental frameworks was created to facilitate discussion within communities of practice and to enhance a shared understanding of the dynamic nature of four essential skills—collaboration, communication, creativity, and self-direction in learning. The frameworks define components inherent to each skill and describe performance across a beginner to emerging expert progression, informed by research on the development of expertise. Unlike discipline-specific learning progressions and rubrics, the developmental progressions reflect components essential to the skill itself and describe growth dependent on many years of active exploration, experimentation, setbacks, and reflection.

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Defining a New North Star: Aligning LCAPs to College and Career Readiness

In this policy brief, EPIC recommends that college and career readiness serve as the “North Star” in California’s recently reformed accountability system. A district seeking to use its Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP) to promote a college- and career-going culture should take the following steps:

• Adopt, modify, or generate a consistent and shared definition of college and career readiness.
• Evaluate the current LCAP for alignment to that definition.
• Revise the LCAP to align with college and career readiness as its new North Star.

By following these steps, district leaders will help ensure that the goals and actions outlined in their LCAP describe a coherent system instead of a collection of eight competing priorities.

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Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Final Report (cover image)

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Final Report

In 2012, California Senate Bill 1458 added a measure of college and career preparedness to the Academic Performance Index (API). The Public Schools Accountability Act Advisory Committee was charged with making recommendations to the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and the State Board of Education regarding measures that could serve as indicators of college and career preparedness at the high school level. EPIC was commissioned to evaluate potential measures identified by the Committee.

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Academic Buoyancy and Resilience for Diverse Students Around the World

Academic-Resilience_IB-Policy-Paper.pdf (4 downloads) This policy paper presents findings from a wide range of literature on academic resilience in primary and secondary education to help shape the approach schools can take to support diverse students. We focus on different types of challenges that students experience and the different aspects of academic buoyancy and resilience that shape…

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Growth Mindset Thinking and Beliefs in Teaching and Learning

Growth-Mindset_IB_PolicyPaper.pdf (1 download) This policy paper presents findings from a wide range of literature on growth mindset in primary and secondary education. Part 1 describes key insights from research on growth mindset. Part 2 presents promising practices to improving students’ growth mindset beliefs and thinking. Part 3 provides recommendations for IB stakeholders, meant to strengthen…

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Making The Abstract Explicit: The Role Of Metacognition In Teaching And Learning

MetaCognition_IB_PolicyPaper.pdf (1 download) This policy paper presents findings from a wide range of literature on metacognition in primary and secondary education. To help make the abstract explicit for school leaders and teachers, we focus on three aspects of metacognition commonly studied in the literature , metacognitive knowledge, metacognitive skills, and metacognitive experiences. Part 1 describes…

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Ownership of Learning: Fostering Learners with Autonomy, Drive, and Endurance

Ownership of learning means a learner is motivated, engaged, and self-directed with a sense of autonomy, choice, and responsibility in their actions. All learners have a fundamental need to feel autonomy in what they do. Decades of research has shown that when students feel autonomous, they have higher motivation to learn and achieve stronger academic performance in school. Naturally, learners want to make decisions that matter, pursue directions that feel meaningful to them, and hold a sense of responsibility and control for both their successes and setbacks.

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Annotated Keynote Presentation

Want to learn more about Inflexion, our approach, and the work we do? Download an annotated version of our 2020 keynote presentation to read examples of how we are working with educators, students, communities, and an impressive list of partners who are dissatisfied with the status quo and motivated to find what really works.

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