Pedro A. Noguera argues that education policy must address the outside-of-school challenges that students in poverty face if the system is to be just and effective. He identifies some of the ways in which concentrated poverty affects schools and discusses how to mitigate those effects.
The authors discuss research on essential elements of good leadership, successful leadership development programs, program structures that provide the best learning environments, and policies that sustain good programs.
This article attempts to explain how leadership has an effect on student learning and what the essential ingredients of successful leadership are. The authors suggest that leadership is second only to teaching in its impact on student-learning.